State Department's Trafficking Victims Protection Act describes severe forms of trafficking as: a sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or b the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
In Sex Trafficking: A Global Perspective, sex trafficking is discussed in terms of its multiple purposes and its victims. The essays provide information to build upon the limited knowledge-base on the subject of sex trafficking and the legislative responses to human trafficking by the various highlighted countries. This collection is unique because it serves the needs of those studying human trafficking from a global perspective by targeting the issue within every geographic region, it provides a general profile of geographic regions in terms of demographic characteristics and political conditions that may support the growth of sex trafficking, and it is written on a basic information-supply-level to provide readers with a fo.
Sabita Manian is professor of international relations at Lynchburg College. Bush , Brad Bullock , William J. Nguyen , Henry Parada , David H. Richards , T.
Mar 26, Shawn rated it really liked it. True stories In her book Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective Louise Shelley pulls together a wide array of sources case studies, newspaper and magazine articles, survivor accounts, governmental and non-governmental statistical databases and reports, etc.
She focuses not only on individual cases, but True stories She focuses not only on individual cases, but also looks at whole nations and continents.
Her approach is truly global. By examining the social, political and economic consequences of human trafficking, the role of organized crime, the business of trafficking, and the strategies used to address these illicit trafficking networks, Shelley concludes that HTS not only destroys lives, but also undermines democracy and threatens public health. By illustrating how gangs, criminal networks, businesses and governments interact with one another, she is able to show how these multiple layers interact to maximize profits and secrecy by exploiting desperate people.
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Desperate people seek entry into nations with thriving economies where they hope they will have the chance to create better lives. Social support systems collapsed. The feminization of poverty ensued. The increasing prevalence of natural disasters has displaced millions as poorer governments are unable to cope with such catastrophic events. Again, desperate people sought dangerous methods of escape that were willingly provided by ruthless human trafficking networks. Illicit trade networks have benefited from efficient global trade networks.
Shelley concludes that as economic divergence continues and as nations fail to create coordinated responses to HTS, the problem will only become worse.
Shelley relentlessly lists countless studies and examples of how HTS impacts individual victims and communities. The public has become acclimated to a seemingly never ending narrative of drug violence and trafficking, but has heard relatively little about HTS. An occasional story is reported, but quite often in the United States HTS is framed in terms of illegal Mexican immigration with little reference being given to the horrific conditions under which many illegals attempt to gain entry to the United States. Quite often many die en route due to dangerous methods of transportation.
The end result is a dizzying array of facts, human interest stories, statistics, and cold analysis. Shelley effectively hammers the reader with information from which it is impossible to remain unaffected.
The Relationship of Drug and Human Trafficking - a Global Perspective
Even though Shelly does offer countless individual and group accounts to support the idea that HTS has recently become more globally pervasiveness, one is left with a feeling of uncertainty about actual numbers. Admittedly, the numbers of HTS victims is extremely difficult to ascertain due to the criminal nature and inherent secrecy of the activity; however, Shelley often presents instances of HTS that lead the reader to believe that she is talking about much larger numbers than her sources bear out.
Perhaps if one were to add up the number of victims mentioned in every study, article and report in the index, one would arrive at a very high number, but in proportion to the world population this number would be quite low. This is not to downplay suffering, but, rather, to illustrate the difficulty of finding accurate numbers that reflect the true scope of the problem. Nevertheless, the reader may be left wondering if the scope of the problem is as all-pervasive as Shelly presents it. Shelley also seems to make cavalier guesses when statistics are unavailable.
As a further example, Shelley contends that greater regional ethnic diversity in the United States has contributed to the prevalence of trafficking in more American cities than in the past, but does not offer demographic proof that would likely have been readily found in United States government census databases. Lastly, when Shelly discusses globalization, the collapse of communism and the rise in illicit trade as primary causes she is able to tie them to real —life examples and draw appropriate conclusions.
Human Trafficking : A Global Perspective
For example, the collapse of communism lead to the feminization of poverty because the state could no longer afford the social services that women and children relied upon. Further, she ties globalization to the availability of efficient communication and transportation networks, while tying the rise in illicit trade to the increased individual wealth in prospering nations. It is only when Shelley tries to make historical connections that she is on less firm ground, resorting to sweeping generalizations.
For example, when she ties the contemporary prevalence of slavery to nations with colonial pasts, she is unable to account for the persistence of HTS in nations without colonial histories. She notes that Russia missed the Enlightenment, and, as a result, never bought into its ideals, which accounts for HTS in contemporary Russia, but in later chapters describes the prevalence of HTS in western nations steeped in Enlightenment traditions, most notably Western Europe and the United States. Rather than taking on history, then, Shelly is at her best when she ties contemporary evidence to relatively recent historic events.
As long as people are indifferent to the problem, governments will fail to create policies that combat it. Cannot emphasize enough how great the resources in this book are, but the analyzed material gets quite repetitive at many points throughout the second part. Feb 19, Jordyn Redwood rated it liked it.
Got this book from the library as research into human trafficking.
Can't say it was enjoyable but certainly insightful. It is heavily footnoted and I found some of the reasons for human trafficking both interesting and horrifying-- like children being intentionally maimed so they would be "better" and more profitable street beggars. I found the book fairly repetitive in its points-- thus the three stars but if you're looking for an overall view of the human trafficking problem and how it differs Got this book from the library as research into human trafficking.dc-01b5da95d1c5.jawatools.com/plaquenil-prix-en-ligne-livraison-internationale.php
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I found the book fairly repetitive in its points-- thus the three stars but if you're looking for an overall view of the human trafficking problem and how it differs country to country then this is a good place to start. View 2 comments. Jan 24, Writerstewie rated it liked it.
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I was looking for more of the process of Human Trafficking - reading survivor stories. Shelley goes around that and speaks in general of why it happens. A good, thorough introduction to human trafficking trends in different parts of the world. A warning though: I've been studying trafficking for several years, and this book contains the single most horrifying case I've ever read about.
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Jun 15, Nikki rated it it was amazing. Shelley is the ultimate scholar in criminal aspects of human trafficking. A must read for anyone seriously interested in working in the field. Britta rated it liked it Feb 11, Camille Corbett rated it it was amazing Jun 01, Laura rated it liked it Mar 23, Lindsay rated it really liked it Feb 01, Kira Sewell rated it it was amazing Nov 18, Elizabeth B rated it really liked it Jan 07, Ashley rated it really liked it Aug 03, Linda Baysore rated it it was amazing Nov 18, Alexis rated it it was ok Sep 20, Layne Weichselbaum rated it liked it Nov 16, Hailee rated it it was amazing Jul 10, Emily Wismer rated it really liked it Jun 06, Matthew Hansen rated it really liked it Jul 22, Marie rated it liked it Apr 27,
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