The political opponents of the Nazis were essentially outlawed. In this atmosphere of intimidation, new elections were held on 5 March The streets were full of Nazi posters and flags. Nevertheless, the great victory hoped for by the Nazis did not materialise. With Meanwhile, the arrests and intimidation were on the increase.
The government banned the Communist Party. In order to house all these political prisoners, the first concentration camps were opened.
The circumstances in the camps were atrocious. People were ill-treated, tortured, and sometimes killed. Jews and well-known Germans in particular had a rough time of it. SS guards at the Dachau camp, near Munich, for instance, took four Jewish prisoners outside the gates, where they shot them dead. The guards then claimed that the victims had tried to escape. On 23 March , the Reichstag met in Berlin. The main item on the agenda was a new law, the 'Enabling Act'. It allowed Hitler to enact new laws without interference from the president or Reichstag for a period of four years.
The building where the meeting took place was surrounded by members of the SA and the SS, paramilitary organisations of the NSDAP that had by now been promoted to auxiliary police forces. In his speech, Hitler gave those present the choice between 'war and peace'. It was a veiled threat to intimidate any dissenters. The process was by no means democratic. It was to form the basis of the Nazi dictatorship until Now that Hitler had become so powerful, it was time for the Nazis to bring society in line with the Nazi ideal. The process was known as Gleichschaltung.
Many politically-suspect and Jewish civil servants were dismissed. Trade unions were forcibly replaced by the Deutsche Arbeitsfront.
Adolf Hitler and the Philosophy of the Supreme State
This allowed the Nazis to prevent workers from organising any opposition. All existing political parties were banned. From mid-July onwards, Germany was a single-party state. Books written by Jewish, left-wing, or pacifist writers were burned. While the Nazis took over, their destructive energy was mainly directed against their political opponents. The German Jews formed the exception. As a group, they did not oppose the ambitions of the Nazis. Nevertheless, they were the constant victims of violence, harassment, and oppression.
As early as 1 April , the government took official action against the Jews. It announced a major boycott of Jewish products. It was the first step in a series of anti-Jewish measures that would end in the Holocaust.
After taking power, Hitler and the Nazis turned Germany into a dictatorship. Time and again, they used legal means to give their actions a semblance of legality. Step by step, Hitler managed to erode democracy until it was just a hollow facade. Things did not end there, though. During the twelve years that the Third Reich existed, Hitler continued to strengthen his hold on the country.
Go in-depth In , Hitler came to power and turned Germany into a dictatorship. Hitler appointed Chancellor The conservative parties did not manage to win enough votes. National Socialist government: the Nazis share the power The National Socialists celebrated their victory with a torchlight procession through Berlin.
Fire in the Reichstag: a first step towards the dictatorship Before long, Hitler claimed more power. Oppression of all opponents In this atmosphere of intimidation, new elections were held on 5 March Hitler gains more power On 23 March , the Reichstag met in Berlin. Gleichschaltung of society Now that Hitler had become so powerful, it was time for the Nazis to bring society in line with the Nazi ideal.
- Hitler’s Teeth Reveal Nazi Dictator’s Cause of Death - HISTORY.
- Hitler's Last Will (April ).
- The Golden Apple: Changing the Structure of Civilization.
- Where it all began.
Oppression of the Jews While the Nazis took over, their destructive energy was mainly directed against their political opponents. Hitler the autocrat After taking power, Hitler and the Nazis turned Germany into a dictatorship. Evans, Richard J. Hagen, William W. Ullrich, Volker, Hitler. Knopf, Early in the morning, after he had already written his Last Will, Hitler wrote his Political Statement. The Political Statement is made up of two sections. In the first section, Hitler lays all blame on "International Jewry" and urges all Germans to continue fighting.
The following afternoon, Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide. VI, pg. Share Flipboard Email. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian, history fact-checker, and freelance writer who writes about 20th-century history topics. More than thirty years have now passed since I in made my modest contribution as a volunteer in the first world war that was forced upon the Reich. In these three decades I have been actuated solely by love and loyalty to my people in all my thoughts, acts, and life.
They gave me the strength to make the most difficult decisions which have ever confronted mortal man. I have spent my time, my working strength, and my health in these three decades. It is untrue that I or anyone else in Germany wanted the war in It was desired and instigated exclusively by those international statesmen who were either of Jewish descent or worked for Jewish interests.
I have made too many offers for the control and limitation of armaments, which posterity will not for all time be able to disregard for the responsibility for the outbreak of this war to be laid on me. I have further never wished that after the first fatal world war a second against England, or even against America, should break out.
Andrew Lownie Literary Agency :: Book :: Hitler's Will
Centuries will pass away, but out of the ruins of our towns and monuments the hatred against those finally responsible whom we have to thank for everything, International Jewry and its helpers, will grow. Three days before the outbreak of the German-Polish war I again proposed to the British ambassador in Berlin a solution to the German-Polish problem — similar to that in the case of the Saar district, under international control. This offer also cannot be denied. It was only rejected because the leading circles in English politics wanted the war, partly on account of the business hoped for and partly under influence of propaganda organized by International Jewry.
I have also made it quite plain that, if the nations of Europe are again to be regarded as mere shares to be bought and sold by these international conspirators in money and finance, then that race, Jewry, which is the real criminal of this murderous struggle, will be saddled with the responsibility. I further left no one in doubt that this time not only would millions of children of Europe's Aryan people die of hunger, not only would millions of grown men suffer death, and not only hundreds of thousands of women and children be burnt and bombed to death in the towns, without the real criminal having to atone for this guilt, even if by more humane means.
After six years of war, which in spite of all setbacks, will go down one day in history as the most glorious and valiant demonstration of a nation's life purpose, I cannot forsake the city which is the capital of this Reich.
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